At Indiana University Health Ball Memorial Hospital, our expert interventional radiologists provide leading edge, minimally invasive treatment options for a wide range of conditions, including arthritis, uterine fibroids, infertility, varicose veins and many more. Our physicians use advanced imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) scans to guide specialized instruments into arteries, veins, joints and other areas of the body to deliver treatments.
Interventional radiologists use their expertise in reading X-rays, ultrasound and other medical images to guide small instruments such as catheters (tubes that measure just a few millimeters in diameter) through the blood vessels or other pathways to treat disease. These procedures are typically much less invasive than traditional surgery, meaning less pain and a shorter recovery time.
Interventional procedures offered at Indiana University Health Ball Memorial Hospital include:
- Chemoembolization. This procedure provides delivery of cancer-fighting agents directly to the site of a cancer tumor. It is currently being used mostly to treat cancers of the endocrine system, including melanoma and liver cancers.
- Biliary drainage and stenting. This procedure uses a stent (small mesh tube) to open up blocked ducts and allow bile to drain from the liver.
- Radiofrequency (RF) ablation. During radiofrequency ablation, RF energy is used to kill cancerous tumors.
- Fallopian tube catheterization. As a treatment for infertility, this procedure uses a catheter to open blocked fallopian tubes without surgery.
- Stent-graft. A stent-graft (also known as an endograph) reinforces a ruptured or ballooning section of an artery (an aneurysm) with a fabric-wrapped stent (a small, flexible mesh tube used to "patch" the blood vessel).
- Hemodialysis access maintenance. As a treatment for kidney failure, hemodialysis uses angioplasty or thrombolysis to open blocked grafts.
- Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). This life-saving procedure improves blood flow and prevents hemorrhage in patients with severe liver dysfunction.
- Uterine fibroid embolization. Also called uterine artery embolization (UAE), this embolization procedure of the uterine arteries shrinks painful, enlarged, benign tumors in the uterus.
- Angiography. This diagnostic test is an X-ray exam of the arteries and veins to diagnose blockages and other blood vessel problems. It uses a catheter to enter the blood vessel and a contrast agent (X-ray dye) to make the artery or vein visible on the X-ray.
Through our partnership with the Indiana University School of Medicine, our physicians stay on the forefront of interventional radiology techniques. We strive to discover new treatment options that reduce risks and improve the effectiveness of care. Your doctor will give you information and instructions specific to your procedure.