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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar (glucose) level rises above the normal range. Over time, high blood sugar can lead to health conditions such heart disease, vascular disease, kidney failure, blindness and injury to the nervous system.

Your cells need blood sugar to convert to energy for your body’s use. In order for blood sugar to enter your cells, your body uses a hormone called insulin. In Type 2 diabetes, your pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin and/or your body does not respond to insulin appropriately.

Type 2 diabetes has been called adult-onset diabetes because it develops most often in people who are middle-aged or older. However, it now occurs frequently in younger people, too. Research shows that Type 2 diabetes is a result of a genetic predisposition and a combination of lifestyle factors such as obesity and lack of exercise.

Type 2 diabetes often develops gradually over several years and often has no symptoms in its earliest stages. The condition is regularly diagnosed through simple blood tests or screening of people who are at increased risk.

If you have Type 2 diabetes, you do not need to face the condition alone. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong condition, but it is highly manageable with medication and changes to your diet and activity level.

At Indiana University Health, we provide comprehensive, personalized diabetes care. Our goal is to help you control your blood sugar and avoid short- and long-term health problems that can result from Type 2 diabetes.

We work with you to develop a patient- and family-centered diabetes management plan that addresses your specific symptoms, needs and preferences. Our certified diabetes educators help you in areas such as making healthy food choices, monitoring your blood sugar and taking your medication properly. Our team sees you regularly to monitor your success and make any necessary adjustments to your therapy.

Our partnership with the Indiana University School of Medicine Division of Endocrinology allows us to maintain the highest level of expertise and use the most up-to-date technology in caring for patients with Type 2 diabetes. We have access to the latest findings in diabetes care and conduct scientific research to identify effective new treatment strategies. Our objective is to help you achieve excellent control of Type 2 diabetes so that you can lead an active and healthy life.

How We Can Help

What to Expect

Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes

How We Can Help

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Information

Our team of healthcare professionals works with you to develop a personalized Type 2 diabetes care plan. Treatment often includes:


Type 2 Diabetes Locations & Physicians

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Find a Specialist

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Type 2 Diabetes Support Services

Understanding Type 2 diabetes is important to controlling it. Learn more about the condition using these resources: