pediatrics Articles

Down Syndrome

06/04/2015 | PediatricsPrimary Care

One in every 691 babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome, making Down syndrome the most common genetic condition. Approximately 400,000 Americans have Down syndrome and about 6,000 babies with Down syndrome are born in the United States. What is Down syndrome? In every cell in the human body there is a nucleus, where genetic material is stored in genes.  Genes carry the codes responsible for all of our inherited traits and are grouped along rod-like structures called chromosomes. …

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Children and Coughs

01/29/2015 | PediatricsPrimary Care

Coughs are one of the most common symptoms of childhood illness. Although, a cough can sound awful, it’s not usually a sign of a serious condition. In fact, coughing is a healthy and important reflex that helps protect the airways in the throat and chest. However, your child’s cough can sometimes warrant a trip to the doctor. It is important to understand the different types of coughs children may get. What kinds of coughs is there that may affect your child?  There are different…

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The Common Cold

01/08/2015 | WellnessPediatrics

One morning you wake up and notice you have a runny nose; sore throat; cough; congestion or maybe you are suffering from all of these symptoms. Your first reaction may be to take some medicine, wrap up in a warm blanket and lay back down. Let’s face it; we have all been there one time or another. How else do you think it got its name, “the common cold”? Luckily, with proper medicine, the common cold should not last longer than about a week or two and you should be back to your normal,…

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Helping your Child Manage Stress

09/05/2014 | Latest from our LeadersIU Health PhysiciansTreatments & ServicesPediatricsWellness

As adults, we know stress is part of life. And while childhood is often thought of as a carefree time, children of all ages – even toddlers and preschoolers – can experience stress. Causes vary based on age and other factors, and it may actually be a combination of issues that leads to stress in children. Stress-inducing situations at school or daycare, such as moving to a new school, adjusting to a new teacher and bullying, are most common. Teenagers may be stressed about peer relationships…

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The Scientific Case for Childhood Vaccination

08/08/2014 | Latest from our LeadersIU Health PhysiciansTreatments & ServicesPediatrics

There are many opinions floating around on television and the Internet about vaccine safety. Unfortunately, much of what you may be hearing is not rooted in scientific principles. As a mother, I’ll be the first to take any threat to my children’s health and wellbeing very seriously. So I understand the confusion and fear caused by the “anti-vaccine” movement. However, vaccines are not the threat — the threat exists in NOT getting vaccinated. The background behind the…

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Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis

07/10/2014 | Healthy EatingPediatrics

Although we are unaware why, food allergies are on the rise in the United State. One in every 13 kids has a food allergy, which equals out to about two kids in every classroom across the United States. What is a food allergy? The body’s abnormal response to a certain food is a food allergy. For an unknown reason, the body thinks that the food is harmful and causes an allergic reaction to occur. The reaction can be mild or in some cases the reaction can be severe and cause anaphylaxis, this…

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When a child’s bowed legs need medical intervention

06/03/2014 | Treatments & ServicesOrthopedics & Sports MedicinePediatrics

Having bowlegs is a normal part of physiological development for most babies and toddlers. When that’s the case, pediatricians typically allow it to run its course, according to Christine Caltoum, MD, a pediatric orthopedic surgeon with Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health. That approach may shift if a physician suspects an underlying condition like Blount’s disease or rickets, both of which can cause bowlegs. “In Blount’s disease, abnormal development…

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Most bow-legged children recover on their own

05/29/2014 | Treatments & ServicesOrthopedics & Sports MedicinePediatrics

Watching a baby grow is one of life’s greatest experiences, especially for first-time parents. It can also be an anxious stage for any parent on guard for signs of abnormal development. One of the most common concerns: is my baby going to be bow-legged? It’s natural to wonder because most children are bow-legged as babies, according to Christine Caltoum, MD, a pediatric orthopedic surgeon with Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health. “The vast majority of the time,…

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Free local resources to help reduce ACL injuries in student athletes

05/06/2014 | Treatments & ServicesOrthopedics & Sports MedicinePediatricsPhysical Therapy & Rehabilitation

Girls who play soccer tear their ACLs (anterior cruciate ligament) more often than boys. That’s well documented in sports medicine literature, but physicians still don’t know as much as they’d like about those physiological differences. Here’s what they do know: Girls tend to land differently than boys. Girls tend to be more quad-dominant than boys. Simple drills can reduce the likelihood of either gender having a torn ACL. That’s why two physical therapists at Indiana…

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Pediatricians call for training to reduce pediatric ACL injuries

05/01/2014 | Treatments & ServicesOrthopedics & Sports MedicinePediatrics

Torn ACLs (anterior cruciate ligaments) are becoming more common at earlier ages. Over the past decade, ACL injuries in young athletes are up by 63 percent, according to some experts. That’s partially due to year-round involvement in multiple sports that push young players harder than ever, increasing their exposure and risk for having a tear. “There’s a safe way to do just about everything,” says George Gantsoudes, MD, a pediatric orthopedic surgeon with Riley Hospital for…

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