Types of IRB Review

The type of review requsired for a study is initially determined by the investigator, but ultimately, the IRB decides the appropriate level of review.

There are checklists and applications available to help you decide which type of review is applicable for your research. The checklists and applications are located on the Forms page.

Once you have determined your type of review, you must submit the appropriate
forms related to that review type.

Following is a list of the types of reviews, as well as a brief description of the types of review:

 

Exempt Review

Research activities that (1) present no more than minimal privacy, psychological, and/or physical risk to human subjects, and (2) involve only procedures listed in one or more of the categories on Exempt Research Checklist. Federal regulations mandate that someone other than the researcher determine whether research is exempt. Therefore, the Exempt Research Checklist and Application must be submitted to Human Subjects Office for review.
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Expedited Review

Research activities that (1) present no more than minimal privacy, psychological, and/or physical risk to human subjects, and (2) involve only procedures listed in one or more of the categories on the Expedited Research Checklist may be reviewed by the IRB through an expedited review procedure. NOTE: The activities listed on the checklist should not be deemed to be of minimal risk simply because they are included on the list.
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Full Board Review

Any study involving greater than minimal risk, involving human subjects from certain vulnerable populations, or which does not fit into the categories on the Expedited Research Checklist requires full board review -- that is, review by the convened IRB, which meets monthly. Submissions must be received by the meeting deadline, typically at least two weeks before the meeting.
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Student Research

Class work assignments are usually not intended to or likely to lead to generalizable results, and, as such are not considered “research.” However, if a student project may place individuals at risk and involves a vulnerable population, it will require review and approval by the IRB.
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Non-human subjects research

Research involving data on Decedent PHI, a limited data set, de-identified health information, or coded private information or biological specimens may be eligible for review as Research Not Subject to FDA or Common Rule Definitions of Human Subjects Research.
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