Colorectal Cancer

A Common Disease

Colorectal cancer is a very serious disease affecting every 1 in 19 females and 1 in 20 males, and is the third leading cause of cancer deaths. But it is almost entirely preventable through screenings.

Indiana University Health is home to some of the top colorectal cancer experts in the world. Our physicians have developed the field's defining standards of care and are experts in special cases such as removing polyps that are large, flat or hard to access.

Colonoscopies: Powerful & Effective

Colonoscopies are a powerful and effective test used to screen for precancerous polyps and colorectal cancer in patients without any symptoms. If proper screenings take place, physicians can gather the necessary information to prevent 80 percent of colorectal cancer.

Select a step in the process to learn more
1. Patients will receive written instructions
and should read them at least several days prior to examination. The instructions will outline any diet restrictions the patient should follow.
2. Patient takes bowel preparation.
The bowel preparation will clear out all fecal matter from the colon prior to the examination to enable the physician to have a clear view and easy navigation of your bowel. Improper bowel preparation could result in your doctor missing precancerous polyps or lesions.
3. Patient arrives at endoscopy unit.
Once you arrive, you will complete some final paperwork before being taken into your room. In the room, you will receive an IV line and then be taken to the procedure room and receive sedation.
4. The doctor performs the procedure.
During the procedure, the physician will be looking for any suspicious polyps or lesions in your colon. Moderate and deep sedation options are available to ensure your comfort during the procedure.
5. Following the procedure,
it is possible to feel some discomfort or cramping, but most people feel nothing. Because the sedation could have residual effects for 24 hours after the colonoscopy, a friend or family member will need to drive you home. You should be able to return to normal activity as soon as the effects of the sedation have worn off.