How We Can Help
Trauma Treatment Information
Traumatic injuries require a high level of support and collaborative care from a wide range of physicians and specialists. Our team of experts uses the following services for the care of traumatic injury:
- Neurocritical intensive care. Following a traumatic brain injury, you require specialized care from Neurocritical Care physicians, neurologists and possibly neurosurgeons. At IU Health, we offer comprehensive services for brain injuries such as neurosurgery, continuous electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring and intracranial pressure monitoring. These services let us know about your brain’s electrical activity and the pressure around your brain. These measurements help us watch for signs of brain damage or conditions that cause further damage.
- Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). It is essential that your cells receive enough oxygen to help your body heal. Many traumatic injuries affect your heart and lung function, keeping your body from getting the oxygen it needs. ECMO is a machine that performs your heart and lung functions until your body is properly healed. When using ECMO, your blood is pumped out of your body and into the machine. Oxygen is then added to the blood while carbon dioxide is removed from the blood. Your blood is then pumped back into your body so it delivers oxygen to your cells.
- Respiratory support. You may receive respiratory support with or without ECMO. If your lungs cannot function, a ventilator breathes for you by pumping air directly into your lungs through a tracheostomy or endotracheal tube. A tracheostomy is an incision in the front of your neck into your trachea, the airway in your throat. A tube is run through the incision and into your trachea to efficiently deliver air to your lungs. This procedure is better for patients who require long-term respiratory support. An endotracheal tube is run through your nose and mouth and down into your trachea. This procedure is used more often for patients who need short-term support or cannot undergo a tracheostomy for some reason, such as lowered immune system function.
- Blood transfusions. You may lose a lot of blood following a traumatic injury, which lowers your blood pressure to dangerous levels and keeps oxygen from reaching all parts of your body, including your brain. We administer blood transfusions within Critical Care to return your blood pressure and amount of blood in your body to normal levels, lowering your risk for further injuries.
- Rehabilitation services. You can begin receiving rehabilitation services while in Critical Care. Services include occupational therapy, speech therapy and physical therapy, depending on your injuries. Therapists come to your bedside to make your care convenient while speeding up your recovery.
- Parenteral nutrition. Some injuries, as well as respiratory support, affect your ability to eat or digest normally. In these circumstances, you receive intravenous nutrition through an IV. The IV drip provides all the nutrients, carbohydrates, proteins and fats your body needs to function.
- Pain management. Traumatic injuries cause long-lasting pain that requires high levels of pain management, such as intravenous narcotics or opioids. In some cases, a temporary, medically induced coma may be necessary if levels of pain are too high. Our Critical Care physicians are experts in pain management, working with you to ensure you receive the correct dosage of medicine with the fewest side effects.
Trauma Locations & Physicians
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Find a Specialist
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Trauma Support Services
Learn more at the websites below about where to receive trauma care and what care might include.
A Sampling of Trauma Support Services
IU Health Emergency Medicine
Learn about how our expert Emergency Medicine physicians provide advanced care for patients quickly and efficiently.
American Trauma Society
Visit this website to learn about how trauma centers are certified, how to prevent injuries and where to get trauma care.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The CDC website includes information on where to find trauma care in the United States and around the world.
Indiana State Department of Health
Find resources on injury prevention and trauma care specific to Indiana residents.