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Endocrine Disorders in Pregnancy

Your body undergoes rapid physical and chemical changes during pregnancy. These shifts are normal and necessary for the development of your child. However, hormonal imbalances and other endocrine problems sometimes occur during pregnancy as part of a preexisting or new condition.

Thyroid hormones play a role in metabolism, breathing, heart function and many other processes. Proper levels of these hormones are essential to a healthy pregnancy and to your baby’s brain development.

Overproduction of thyroid hormones, known as hyperthyroidism, can cause complications in pregnancy including miscarriage, preterm birth and preeclampsia. The opposite occurs in hypothyroidism, when the body does not produce enough thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism can also cause problems including preeclampsia, miscarriage, preterm birth and low birth weight. Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can be harmful to the health of developing babies.

Uncontrolled Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can lead to miscarriage, premature birth, preeclampsia and birth defects. Gestational diabetes is elevated blood sugar that begins in pregnancy and ends after delivery. It can cause complications such early delivery or excessive birth weight.

Treating endocrine disorders during pregnancy requires highly specialized knowledge and experience. At Indiana University Health Diabetes & Endocrinology, we deliver comprehensive care that addresses your specific symptoms, concerns and preferences.

If you have diabetes, our experts provide intensive monitoring and treatment during pregnancy. We work closely with you to develop a customized plan to keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range with therapies that are safe for you and your baby. Our team of certified diabetes educators can help you make healthy food choices and provide support to keep you on track with blood sugar monitoring and medication. Getting blood sugar under control before conception can prevent birth defects and protect your baby from damage that could occur before you know you are pregnant.

If you have thyroid disease or other endocrine diseases during pregnancy, early monitoring and adjustment of treatment plans can help you and your baby stay healthy.

Through our partnership with Indiana University School of Medicine, we maintain access to the latest knowledge and tools for managing all types of endocrine conditions.

How We Can Help

What to Expect

Diabetic Pregnency
Diabetic Pregnancy

How We Can Help

Endocrine Disorders in Pregnancy Treatment Information

If you have diabetes, your treatment team will usually recommend insulin or other therapies. Treatment options include:

If you have thyroid disease, medicine may be recommended to keep your thyroid levels healthy for you and your baby. Surgery is rarely needed during pregnancy, and radiation treatment is not considered safe while you are pregnant. Treatment options include:

Endocrine Disorders in Pregnancy Locations & Physicians

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Endocrine Disorders in Pregnancy Support Services

Women with endocrine disorders in pregnancy can get information and support from many sources. They include: