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Osteoporosis is a condition in which you lose bone density and become prone to fractures, especially of the wrist, hip and spine.

Your body constantly remodels its bone tissue. You have osteoporosis when your body does not produce enough new bone or it reabsorbs too much existing bone.

Although some bone loss is a normal part of aging, osteoporosis can cause the bones to become so weak that they break even due to a minor fall. Such fractures can significantly affect quality of life and day-to-day functioning.

About 80 percent of people with osteoporosis are women, with the condition often developing in association with the hormonal changes of menopause. Decreasing estrogen levels play a direct role in many cases of osteoporosis.

In addition to advancing age and being a postmenopausal female, risk factors for osteoporosis include:

  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Certain medicines, including corticosteroids
  • Low body weight and size
  • Low intake of calcium and vitamin D
  • Certain thyroid and adrenal gland disorders
  • Smoking
  • Heavy alcohol use

Osteoporosis does not cause symptoms for most patients. You might not find out you have it until you fracture a bone in a bump or fall. Some people develop back pain or stooped posture.

An effective way to assess your bone health, including your risk of fractures, is through a test of bone mineral density (BMD). At Indiana University Health, we use dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to evaluate bone density.

Osteoporosis is a highly treatable condition. We offer therapies to slow bone loss and help you maintain an active, fulfilling lifestyle. We work closely with you to address your specific symptoms and concerns in an individualized care plan.

We are skilled in managing osteoporosis of all severity levels in order to prevent bone fractures and other complications. Our partnership with the Indiana University School of Medicine means that our metabolic bone disease experts can offer patients the most advanced options for diagnosis and treatment. If you need additional care from other specialists, we connect you with highly trained experts in our system.

With one of the country’s leading research programs in metabolic bone disease, we also investigate ways to provide even better care. You may be able to access innovative new therapies by participating in clinical research studies.

How We Can Help

How We Can Help

Osteoporosis Treatment Information

We provide treatment for osteoporosis based on your specific needs. Options include:

Osteoporosis Locations & Physicians

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Osteoporosis Support Services

Learn more about osteoporosis from these organizations: