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Aortic Stenosis Treatment Information
You have different treatment options depending on your individual condition. If you have scar tissue from rheumatic fever, surgery to remove that tissue allows the valve to work properly. If you have a narrowed valve, you may benefit from a minimally invasive procedure that uses a balloon to widen the valve.
Many patients, however, must have the valve replaced. Depending on your age and condition, you will receive a tissue valve replacement or a mechanical valve replacement. Both procedures have benefits and risks, so be sure to speak with your physician about which option is best for you.
IU Health Heart & Vascular Care physicians offer comprehensive treatment options for aortic stenosis, including:
- Diagnosis. Our physicians provide expert diagnosis of aortic stenosis using imaging procedures such as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or electrocardiogram.
- Balloon dilation. Balloon dilation is minimally invasive. Our physician guides a small, deflated balloon through your arteries and into your heart, and then inflates it to widen a narrowed valve. This procedure may have to be repeated if the valve narrows again.
- Valvotomy. Our surgeons remove scar tissue from around your valve to help your heart work better.
- Valve replacement. Our physicians perform both mechanical and tissue valve replacements. These procedures can be done through multiple small incisions or one large incision in your sternum. Tissue valve replacements, typically taken from donor hearts or pigs, do not last as long as mechanical valves, which are made of metal. Mechanical valves require you to take blood-thinning medications throughout your life to prevent blood clotting.
- Aortic homograft. During this procedure, the aortic valve and part of the aorta is taken from a donor heart and placed into the heart of a patient with aortic stenosis.
- Cardiac rehabilitation. Following surgery, you may have to undergo physical therapy to help your heart recover. Cardiac rehabilitation can be performed at physical therapy facilities or even in your home.
Aortic Stenosis Locations & Physicians
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Aortic Stenosis Support Services
A diagnosis of aortic stenosis may cause anxiety. To ease your mind, learn more about your condition and treatments options at the websites below.
A Sampling of Aortic Stenosis Support Services
American Heart Association
This website discusses the causes and symptoms of aortic stenosis.
National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute
This site describes the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of aortic stenosis.