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Osteomyelitis is a bone infection most often caused by bacteria and rarely by fungi. The infection may spread from another part of the body through the bloodstream to the bone. It may also spread through infected skin or tissues around the bone.

You are at an increased risk for osteomyelitis if you have:

  • Bone surgery
  • Frequent injections in the bone
  • Diabetes
  • A prosthetic limb
  • A weakened immune system due to a condition such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or a treatment such as chemotherapy

If you have diabetes, it is especially important to manage your condition to reduce your risk of osteomyelitis. Foot sores associated with diabetes are a common cause of the condition and a leading cause of amputation.

Osteomyelitis may show no symptoms or appear like any other infection. You may have a high fever or pain, swelling and redness in the affected area. Only a physician can diagnose the causes of these symptoms. If you know you are at risk and experience symptoms, contact your physician right away.

If caught early, osteomyelitis can be treated effectively with antibiotics injected directly into your bloodstream. If the disease advances too far before you receive treatment, you may have to undergo surgery to remove dead tissue or bone. In severe cases, amputation is required to ensure the infection does not continue to spread throughout your body.

Indiana University Health physicians have undergone specialized training and focused education to become experts in the prevention and treatment of infections. As part of the only nationally ranked healthcare system in Indiana, our physicians work closely with top orthopedic surgeons to ensure you receive high quality care from diagnosis, to treatment, to recovery.

We provide personalized, comprehensive treatment that fits your lifestyle while fighting the infection. We understand how difficult an osteomyelitis diagnosis can be and work diligently to deliver quick care while addressing all of your concerns.

How We Can Help

How We Can Help

Osteomyelitis Treatment Information

Our physicians offer diagnosis and treatment of osteomyelitis with services such as:

Osteomyelitis Locations & Physicians

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Osteomyelitis Support Services

Osteomyelitis is uncommon, but can be serious. Learn more about the condition and how it is treated at the website below.