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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Treatment Information
FASD affects individuals differently. In general, people with FASD need many health services including:
- Early intervention. Services offered between birth and age 3 can greatly improve your child’s ability to talk, walk and interact with other people. Occupational and speech therapy are often needed.
- Dental care. Many children and adults with FAS have dental abnormalities and need extensive care. It is important to find a dentist who understands that people with FASD and FAS may need extra time for treatment because they often have trouble remaining still and do not like to be touched.
- Audiology. FASD often causes ear problems, including chronic ear infections. This can lead to speech delays.
- Education therapy. Children with FASD can often learn material well but may struggle to retain new knowledge. Specialized math training is effective. Executive functioning training teaches skills such as memory, cause and effect, reasoning, planning and problem solving.
- Behavior management. People with FASD and FAS often experience anger, anxiety and depression at different times in their lives. Pediatric psychiatrists and therapists for adults teach coping skills and strategies for dealing with these situations.
- Social training. Children with FASD need guidance so they can learn how to interact with friends and socialize with others.
- Parent training. Coach-led therapy teaches positive interactions between parents and children with FASD to reduce parent stress and improve child behavior.
- Medicines. FASD symptoms can be improved with various medicines. Antidepressants address feelings of depression and anti-social behaviors. Anti-anxiety drugs treat anxiety and aggression. Stimulants ease hyperactivity and poor impulse control.
- Birth defects. Depending on the extent of your child’s FASD, you may need a cardiologist or pulmonologist to address heart and lung problems. An otolaryngologist assists with ear, nose and throat issues. Seizures and other issues resulting from brain damage require the care of a neurologist.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Locations & Physicians
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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Support Services
Learn more about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders at these websites:
A Sampling of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Support Services
National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
This national organization campaigns to prevent alcohol use during pregnancy and supports individuals, families and communities living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Center for Excellence
This website is a federal initiative of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. It provides extensive information on diagnosis, treatments, research and prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, including links to local resources.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
This government website is focused on the prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Information on the condition, research, data and statistics, and scientific articles are available.
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
This National Institutes of Health website addresses many issues tied to alcohol abuse, including fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.