How We Can Help
Hypertension Treatment Information
We offer treatment for hypertension based on your individual needs. Steps in controlling hypertension and preserving your kidneys include:
- Medicine. Different types of medicines can treat hypertension. Diuretics work with your kidneys to help your body reduce blood volume by removing sodium and water. Beta blockers open your blood vessels, allowing your heart to beat with less force. Research has shown that blood pressure medicines called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) help limit kidney damage and lower your risk for heart disease. ACE inhibitors and ARBs work in different ways, but both types of medicines are effective and safe. Potential side effects include dizziness, headaches and fatigue, but most people experience few problems. We work closely with you to develop a medicine plan that helps your condition without too many side effects. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 (diastolic/systolic), and if you have chronic kidney disease, your target should be 130/80.
- Nutrition. At IU Health, our registered dietitians and specialty nutritionists work with you to plan meals and appropriate calorie intake based on your specific needs, such as diets that are low-sodium or low carbohydrate and high protein.
- Exercise. Staying physically active is a key part of reducing your blood pressure. At IU Health, you can work with certified fitness trainers, physiologists and physical therapists to develop an exercise plan that is right for you.
- Non-surgical weight loss. A medically supervised weight loss program gives the extra support you may need for long-term weight loss. A custom plan is created for you and includes nutrition, exercise and behavioral counseling, as well as meal replacements. Losing weight reduces your hypertension. Patients often can cut their medicine dose in half after a weight loss of 20 to 30 pounds.
- Bariatric surgery. If you are morbidly obese, one of several bariatric surgeries may help you lose weight and reduce your hypertension. Patients who undergo bariatric surgery have lower incidence rates of high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and high blood triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Gastric band surgery, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and sleeve gastrectomy are all options. Patients can often reduce their use of oral hypertension medicines after losing about 30 pounds. Some IU Health bariatric surgery patients eventually no longer need medicine.
- Smoking cessation. We are ready to help you kick the tobacco habit. Smoking causes acute increases in blood pressure and heart rate and exacerbates hypertension. Smoking puts you at risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke. If you stop smoking you will reduce your high blood pressure.
Hypertension Locations & Physicians
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Find a Specialist
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Hypertension Support Services
Resources related to hypertension are available at these websites:
A Sampling of Hypertension Support Services
IU Health Bariatric Blog
This online service lists support group schedules and shares patient stories in an ongoing effort to assist you in your weight loss goals.
American Heart Association
This is the largest volunteer organization dedicated to fighting cardiovascular disease and stroke. It offers extensive information and resources about hypertension.
Indiana Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute
This site provides information on clinical trials in which you might be able to participate.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
This division of the National Institutes of Health provides an online guide to understanding, preventing and reducing high blood pressure.
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
This U.S. government resource explains how high blood pressure affects the kidneys and how you can prevent kidney damage.