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Neurologic Vision Loss Treatment Information
Treatments for vision loss depend on the underlying cause of your condition. They may include medicines, nutritional changes, rehabilitation, special eyeglasses and sometimes surgery. Once a diagnosis is made, patients are often referred to a specialist for their specific condition.
Treatments for vision loss may include:
- Anti-inflammatory medicines. These medicines reduce the inflammation of the nerves and tissues around the eye. They include steroids and medications that suppress the immune system (immunosuppressants). When intravenous (IV) steroids are used for optic neuritis, lost vision returns more quickly.
- Disease management. If vision loss is the result of an existing condition, treatments to manage that disease and prevent further damage can also be performed. Conditions that may impact the visual centers of the brain or optic nerves include:
- Nutrition. A vitamin or other nutritional deficiency may play a role in vision loss. A dietitian can help you plan a healthy diet to ensure you are getting the proper nutrients.
- Vision rehabilitation. Our specialists teach you how to best use the vision you have and work with you to find assistive devices that maximize your remaining vision.
- Surgery. Different types of surgery may be used to treat severe cases of vision loss, depending on your condition.
- Optic nerve sheath fenestration. If there is swelling of the optic nerve related to high pressure in the head with loss of vision despite medical treatments, slits can be made in the sheath that covers the nerve to relieve the pressure.
- Shunting. Another way to relieve pressure is to create a shunt, which allows fluid to be removed from around the brain, in an effort to decrease the pressure.
- Tumor or aneurysm treatment. Some vision loss is the result of pressure on the optic nerves or brain pathways that control vision from a tumor or aneurysm, which can be treated with surgery.
Neurologic Vision Loss Locations & Physicians
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Neurologic Vision Loss Support Services
A Sampling of Neurologic Vision Loss Support Services
National Eye Institute
This government website provides extensive online information about eye health and eye conditions, including a section all about low vision.
This online service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health provides health information about the causes and treatments for blindness and vision loss.
American Foundation for the Blind
This national organization provides patients and families with insight into living with vision loss and blindness.