How We Can Help
Stroke Treatment Information
We offer a variety of treatment options depending on the type of stroke you have and your individual needs.
For this type of stroke, we dissolve or remove the clot that is blocking blood flow to the brain. Options include:
- Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). This medicine dissolves a clot that is causing an ischemic stroke and may increase your chance of a full recovery. However, it generally should be administered within three hours of the beginning of a stroke. In some cases, tPA can be injected directly into a clot using a catheter.
- Mechanical thrombectomy. In this treatment, a physician known as a neurointerventional radiologist uses a catheter to physically remove a clot.
Treatment for a hemorrhagic stroke varies depending on several factors, including type and severity.
For subarachnoid hemorrhagic strokes, treatment generally centers on repairing the ruptured aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (tangled blood vessels) that is causing the stroke. Options include:
- Coil embolization. A physician uses a catheter to thread a metal coil into the aneurysm. When the coil releases, it blocks the aneurysm’s blood supply.
- Stereotactic radiosurgery. Targeted radiation can shrink an arteriovenous malformation while leaving the surrounding tissue intact.
- Other surgical procedures. We can perform surgery to clip an aneurysm or remove an arteriovenous malformation.
Treatment for intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke consists mainly of supportive care, including managing blood pressure and keeping the airway open. Surgery to relieve pressure on the brain by removing blood is helpful in some cases.
Transient Ischemic Attack
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) generally resolves itself, but there is no way to know in advance that this will occur. These attacks are warning signs of a possible future stroke and require the same series of tests that are performed for an ischemic stroke. Treatment is focused on preventing future strokes. Options include:
- Medicine. Antiplatelet and anticoagulant medicines (known as blood thinners) can reduce your chance of a stroke. Aspirin and warfarin are examples of blood thinners.
- Surgery. Carotid endarterectomy is a procedure to clear blocked carotid arteries (major arteries in the neck).
Stroke Locations & Physicians
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Stroke Support Services
The following websites can help you learn more about stroke:
A Sampling of Stroke Support Services
American Academy of Neurology
The website of this professional association contains patient-friendly information and resources related to stroke.
American Stroke Association
This nonprofit organization focuses on stroke research, education and advocacy.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
This U.S. government agency provides information on types of stroke as well as risk factors and prevention.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
The website of this federal agency discusses many aspects of stroke, including treatment, prognosis and research.
National Stroke Association
This nonprofit group develops education, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support programs related to stroke.