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Amblyopia Treatment Information
Fixing amblyopia typically requires both correcting the underlying problem and treating the amblyopia. A treatment plan for amblyopia may include:
- Correcting eye problems. If your child has a refractive error, glasses or contact lenses are an important first step to better eyesight. If a cataract, drooping eyelid or other problem is blocking vision, surgery might be necessary before treatment for amblyopia begins. However, treating the underlying cause usually is not enough to cure amblyopia. If your child has strabismus (misaligned eyes), surgical correction of the eye muscles usually comes after treatment of amblyopia.
- Patching. By covering the stronger eye, we push your child to use the weaker eye. This technique strengthens the eye’s nerve pathway to the brain. The length of time your child should wear the patch each day varies based on the type and severity of the amblyopia. Treatment can last from several weeks to many months. After vision improves, your child still might need part-time (maintenance) patching to keep the problem from returning. Many children do not like wearing a patch at first, so persistent encouragement from you and other adults in your child’s life is important.
- Eye drops. A special eye drop that blurs the vision sometimes serves the same purpose as patching. Your child typically receives the drop once a day. This treatment is useful when amblyopia is not severe or if your child has trouble wearing a patch. Drops are not as effective when the stronger eye is nearsighted.
Amblyopia Locations & Physicians
Use the search options below to find treatments available in your area.
Find a Specialist
Enter a Zip Code to find a specialist at IU Health.
Amblyopia Support Services
Find information and resources on amblyopia at these websites:
A Sampling of Amblyopia Support Services
This site of the American Academy of Ophthalmology provides easy-to-understand explanations of amblyopia and many other eye health topics.
Indiana Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute
This institute lets you to search for Indiana clinical research studies in which your child might be able to participate.
National Eye Institute
This U.S. federal agency offers information on eye disorders and eye anatomy.