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Spine Conditions

Our orthopedic team treats a variety of complex spinal deformities in patients from infancy to adolescence, including:

  • Scoliosis (curving of the spine)
  • Kyphosis (hunchback, rounding)
  • Spondylolisthesis (slippage of the spine)

Our innovative surgical techniques, such as the vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib and other growing spine constructs, allow our specialists to minimize spinal fusion, benefiting patients by preserving spine motion.


Riley Hospital for Children at IU Health orthopedic spine specialists utilize the state’s only EOS imaging machine for most patients who have limb alignment issues, such as scoliosis or long leg. The Nobel Prize-winning technology provides patients with up to 4-10 x’s less radiation than other imaging services, an especially important value to patients who require many scans as part of their care plan.

Learn more about this imaging service.


Spina bifida is a term used to describe any birth defect involving a failed closure of the spine. Myelomeningocele (the most common form of spina bifida) is a birth defect developed in the womb, when the backbone and spinal cord fail to close together before birth. When the spinal cord and backbone fail to close completely, the tissue-covered spinal cord will protrude out of the infant’s lower back. The cause of myelomeningocele is not completely known, but in many cases, it is related to maternal folate deficiency. Genetic counseling and testing is recommended to determine if future children could be at risk. Special instruction is needed to care for infants before and after surgery to ensure damage is not done to the spinal cord and surrounding nerves.

We provide care for children with all levels of myelomeningocele. Services provided include:

  • Orthopedic
  • Urologic
  • Neurosurgical
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical and occupational therapy
  • Nursing and dietary evaluation and treatment

Our specialists also work with our neurosurgery team to provide neurosurgical treatment for spine and nerve repair.

Location(s) Offering Orthopedics & Sports Medicine Services