Neuromuscular Conditions

Neuromuscular Conditions

Our pediatric orthopedic specialists diagnose and treat a variety of neuromuscular conditions. These conditions include any syndrome or disorder that impairs the functions of the nervous system or muscles. Symptoms and subsequent impairments vary depending on the severity of the condition and its location, but typically neuromuscular conditions lead to problems with movement.

Cerebral Palsy Center

Cerebral palsy is a neuromuscular condition caused by abnormalities in the motor control center of the brain. This condition results in physical disability in movement. These abnormalities in a patient’s cerebrum (the area of the brain affected) can occur during development in the womb, during childbirth or in children up to three years old. Patients typically suffer from limited movement and posture, as well as vision impairment and possibly impaired cognitive function, among other symptoms. The Riley Hospital for Children Cerebral Palsy Center at Indiana University Health offers diagnosis and treatment for children facing multiple disabilities due to cerebral palsy. The center offers diagnosis by pediatric neurologists and assessment by pediatric orthopedic surgeons. Your child can also benefit from occupational therapy, physical therapy, dental work and social work, which support them in activities of daily living.

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy can be hereditary or non-hereditary. The disease progressively weakens the skeletal muscles due to defective muscle proteins, defective cellular muscle and tissue death. More common in boys than in girls, muscular dystrophy not only affects movement ability, but can also cause complications with speech, vision, behavior and cognitive abilities. No cure exists, but physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists and our specialists will work with you and your child to teach you how to combat the symptoms of muscular dystrophy.

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