Neuromuscular conditions include any syndrome or disorder that impairs the functions of the nervous system and/or muscles. Symptoms and subsequent impairments vary depending on the severity of the condition and location, but typically neuromuscular conditions will lead to problems of movement.
Cerebral Palsy Center
Cerebral Palsy is a neuromuscular condition caused by a damaged motor control center resulting in physical disability in movement. Damage to a patient’s cerebrum (the area of the brain affected) can occur during development in the womb, childbirth or in children up to three years old. Patients typically suffer from limited movement and posture, as well as vision impairment and possibly impaired cognitive function, among other symptoms. The Riley Cerebral Palsy Center at IU Health offers diagnosis and treatment for children facing multiple handicaps due to cerebral palsy. The center offers diagnosis via pediatric neurologists and assessment by pediatric orthopedic surgeons. Patients can also benefit from occupational therapy, physical therapy and dental and social work, which support the child in the activities of daily living.
Muscular dystrophy can be a hereditary or non-hereditary disease which progressively weakens the skeletal muscles and causes defective muscle proteins and cellular muscle and tissue death. More common in boys than girls, muscular dystrophy not only affects movement ability but can also cause complications with speech and vision, behavior and cognitive abilities. No cure exists, but physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists and our specialists will work with patients and family members to teach them how to combat muscular dystrophy.