Researchers at Indiana University Health Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center are dedicated to finding out what factors can contribute to a person’s chance of developing cancer. While some risk factors can be avoided, other factors, like those that are inherited, are unavoidable.
Possible cancer risk factors are a mix of lifestyle, hereditary and environmental factors and include:
- Tobacco and alcohol use
- High-fat diet
- Being overweight
- Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from natural and artificial sunlight
- Exposure to cancer-causing agents or carcinogens in the environment and workplace, such as ionizing radiation and other chemicals, metals or pesticides
- Exposure to hormones through medical regimens, such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
Talk to your physician about regular check-ups and methods of increasing protective factors and decreasing risk factors for cancer that might be effective for you.