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General Urology Treatment Information
General urologists care for patients with a wide range of disorders. The most common include:
- Enlarged prostate. The prostate is a gland just below the bladder in men. It surrounds the urethra. As men age, the prostate often grows and constricts the urethra. We sometimes treat this condition with medicines or herbal supplements. In more advanced cases, we may remove the prostate in a procedure called transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). TURP requires no incision so you recover faster than with traditional surgery.
- Prostate cancer. We may remove some, or all, of your prostate. Usually, we do this with robotic surgery that requires only tiny incisions so you heal faster.
- Bladder tumors. Growths in the bladder may often be removed using a transurethral (through the urethra) procedure that requires no incision.
- Male Incontinence and female incontinence. When the cause of incontinence is weakness of sphincter muscles, we recommend exercises to strengthen these muscles. Combined with a schedule for urination, these exercises may resolve the problem. If these behavioral changes are not enough, we may implant an artificial sphincter that enables you to control urination. When incontinence is caused by overactive bladder, medicines often control the problem.
- Kidney stones. Substances normally passed out of the body in urine sometimes solidify into hard nodules called stones. These stones begin in the kidneys and smaller ones may travel down the urinary tract and out of the body. We may treat kidney stones using a special tool that travels up the urethra (tube that carries urine out of the body) and breaks the stones into tiny pieces. These pieces are easily removed or passed out of the body. Another treatment we use requires no intrusion into the body. Shock wave lithotripsy uses a special instrument placed against the skin that sends high-intensity sound waves into the body. These sound waves break the stone into tiny pieces, which pass out of the body. We may need to remove large stones surgically. We often do this laparoscopically with a few tiny incisions so you heal faster than with traditional open surgery.
- Urinary infection. Infections may occur anywhere along the urinary tract. Antibiotics are a common treatment. Sometimes a kidney stone causes urinary retention and infection. In these cases, removing the stone helps resolve the problem. Urethral diverticulum (small pouches in the urethra) may also cause a urinary tract infection. We may remove these abnormalities surgically.
- Male sexual dysfunction. Various disorders may cause sexual difficulties in men, such as erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation and loss of libido. Treatments for these conditions vary according to the problem and its cause. Medicines help in some cases. Sometimes surgery is the best option.
- Vasectomy. Two small tubes (the vas deferens) carry sperm cells from the testicles to the seminal vesicles, which store sperm cells for ejaculation. Closing or blocking these tubes blocks movement of these cells. This is a simple contraceptive procedure that causes permanent sterility.
General Urology Locations & Physicians
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General Urology Support Services
Urology is a broad field of medicine. These resources may help you learn about what a urologist treats so you may work more effectively with your physician.
A Sampling of General Urology Support Services
Urology Care Foundation
This site offers comprehensive information on a wide variety of urologic conditions and treatments.
American Urological Association
This site offers a broad explanation of the field of urology.