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As families spend more time outside, we cannot forget about all the bugs outside that can bite, specifically ticks that could cause Lyme disease. Indiana is in a medium risk area for transmission of Lyme Disease.
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by a spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi (Deer tick). This is the most common vector-borne disease.
Lyme disease is transmitted to humans from an infected deer tick bite. The tick must be attached and become engorged for a minimum of 24-48 hours for the disease to be transferred.
IU Health Arnett Sports Medicine physician assistant Marke Bickett, MCMSc, PA-C, ATC shares signs and symptoms of Lyme disease:
There are currently no laboratory tests for Lyme disease, and it is diagnosed through a clinical evaluation and based on the signs and symptoms and the history of where the patient has been lately and if they have traveled to endemic areas. There are however two tests that can be done to test for antibodies for Lyme disease present in the body. The two tests are the ELISA test and the Western Blot Test.
Oral and intravenous (IV) antibiotics are used depending on the stage of the infection. Other non-specific symptoms are treated as they develop.